VPS (Virtual Private Server) hosting is a type of web hosting that offers customers more resources and greater control over their server environment than shared hosting, but at a higher cost.
A VPS works by setting up a virtualised environment on a physical server. In this way, multiple virtual servers can be run on a single physical server, each allocated its own resources such as CPU, memory and storage. The physical server's resources are shared among the virtual servers, and each virtual server acts as a separate, isolated environment.
The main advantage of VPS hosting is that it offers more resources and more control than shared hosting. The customer has his own allocated resources and is not affected by the activities of other websites on the same physical server. This means that the performance of his website is more predictable and he has more freedom to install his own software and make system-level configurations.
Another advantage of VPS hosting is that customers have full root access to their virtual environment, which means they can install and run any software they want. In addition, VPS hosting is more scalable, meaning resources can be easily increased or decreased as needed.
However, VPS hosting also has some disadvantages. It can be more expensive than shared hosting, and customers are usually responsible for managing their own virtual server environment. This can be a daunting task for customers who lack technical expertise. In addition, VPS hosting is usually not as powerful as dedicated hosting, as the physical server's resources are still distributed across multiple virtual servers.
VPS hosting is suitable for small to medium-sized websites with moderate traffic and storage needs, or for websites that require custom software or configurations not supported by shared hosting plans. It is also suitable for developers or for those who want more control over the underlying infrastructure of their website.